Indian Doctors in Australia

Many doctors from India have successfully migrated to work in Australia. Doctors from India were the fourth highest country to be granted a visa to work as a doctor in Australia in 2017. After the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland and Malaysia. As someone who has worked in Medical HR for more than two decades, I have found that Indian doctors on the whole to be a really good group to work with.

Can Indian doctors work in Australia? The answer is, of course, yes. India provides one of the largest sources of overseas doctors or International Medical Graduates (IMGs) working in Australia at both a trainee doctor as well as specialist level. Of course, no doctor coming from another country is absolutely guaranteed to be able to work in Australia.

Just like doctors from other countries. Doctors from India are limited in regards to what doctor jobs they can initially apply for in Australia. Once employed you receive the same rates of salary and pay as other doctors, with some possible restrictions on where you can work. Salary packages vary from about $70,000 AUD for a very junior level job to $300,000 AUD and more for consultant type positions. There are two main ways that Indian doctors need to either apply for initial registration. Both are quite hard.

  • The Standard Pathway is the process if you are not a specialist. It requires sitting of the Australian Medical Council exams, which have an overall pass rate of about 60% for the MCQ component and 25% for the clinical component.
  • The Specialist Pathway is the process if you are a specialist. In 2017, 110 Indian doctors applied to a specialist medical college for assessment. 44 were deemed to not be comparable. 59 were deemed to be partially comparable and only 7 were deemed to be substantially comparable.

So the prospects for working in Australia as an Indian doctor are challenging. So it’s important to give you a little bit more detail. There are also other options for getting registered which I will outline.

The Standard Pathway. The Option for Indian Trainee Doctors.

If you are a trainee doctor from India and do not have specialty status then the Standard Pathway is the main option for you.

The major hurdle in this process is pursuing the Australian Medical Council examinations, which we have written about in more depth here.

In order to be able to sit for the AMC you must first establish what is called a portfolio

  1. You first create a registration with the AMC website.
  2. You should also check that your medical degree is awarded by an institution recognized by the AMC. The AMC recognizes most but not all medical schools which are listed with the World Directory of Medical Schools. There is a handy search on the AMC site.
  3. You must then also create an EPIC account and confirm your identity with the ECFMG (located in the United States).
  4. You get an EPIC id in about 3 working days, which you use to establish your AMC portfolio.
  5. You upload your qualifications to EPIC. As you do so YOU MUST REQUEST that EPIC send a report to the AMC.
  6. EPIC notifies you and the AMC when they have completed their check.

This whole process will cost you $500 AUD to register with the AMC and about $205 USD for EPIC (more if you are wanting more than one qualification verified).

Once EPIC reports back in the affirmative to the AMC you will be allowed to request to sit for the AMC Part 1 Examinations.

There is no actual work experience requirement to sit the AMC Part 1 Examination and you can, in fact, start preparing for this whenever you like. But of course, you will not be able to sit the exam without a verified medical degree. So you can start studying for it in medical school but won’t be able to sit it till after you graduate.

The Part 1 MCQ Examination

The AMC Computer Adaptive Test (CAT) MCQ Examination is a computer-administered fully integrated multi-choice question examination delivered in one sitting that lasts 3 and a half hours.

There are regular invigilated examinations in Australia as well as a number of sessions available in examination across the world.

The examination itself consists of 150 β€œA-type MCQs”. You must select the one correct response from amongst five options. 120 of the questions are β€œlive” questions, which mean they count towards your score. The remaining 30 questions are being piloted and don’t count towards your final score. You do not know which questions are being piloted so you have to give your best for all 150.

You are expected to complete all 150 items and must complete the 120 scored items. Failure to complete all 120 scored items in the examination may lead to insufficient information for a reliable determination of your ability and therefore a result on the AMC adaptive scale.

You should practice as many MCQs as you can. There is also an official online practice exam through the AMC website.

Because the MCQ exam is computerized you will receive your result fairly quickly in about 4 weeks. You get a print out which indicates where you performed overall, as well as the range for all candidates appearing for that particular exam. You also get a breakdown of your performance in the question domains. This is useful if you don’t pass to know where to put your efforts next time.

You need to score 250 or more to pass. Less than 60% of candidates pass. Although this score is probably depressed somewhat by those candidates sitting more than once.

It currently costs $2,720 to sit for the MCQ.

The AMC Clinical Examination Part 2

Once you pass AMC MCQ exam, you are then able to appear for the AMC Clinical exam. These are all held in Melbourne at the AMC’s purpose built examination centre.

Clinical Exam Format

The Clinical exam format is a 20-station multidisciplinary structured clinical exam which assesses your skills in Medicine, Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics, Pediatrics, and Psychiatry. There are 14 scored stations, 2 pilot (non-scored) stations and 4 rest (non-scored) stations.

As of 2019 the result is graded as either clear pass or clear fail. Prior to this borderline candidates were offered a retest. However, the AMC found that the time between examination and retest was becoming so long that the results were not meaningful.

You must pass 10 or more of the stations to pass the exam. The pass rate is incredibly low. About 28%

It is recommended that you should study the Handbook of Clinical Assessment and practice roleplays as much as you can. You may want to attend a course. Candidates also study different notes such as Karen notes, and the VMPF notes. John Murtagh’s General Practice is also worth revising.

It is extremely wise to form a study group and there are many groups around where you can practice what is called β€œrecalls”, which is when a candidate who has previously sat the exam attempts to reconstruct the station.

The cost of sitting the Clinical Examination is currently $3,530.

When and What types of jobs can I apply for as an Indian Trainee?

You can apply for a range of trainee jobs. The main limitation is whether the employer will accept an IMG. Which for the majority of cases they will not.

You can actually start applying for jobs after you have passed your AMC Part 1 Examination. But you will need a valid English language test if you do.

There are often a number of postgraduate year 2 or 3 general jobs on offer. They are generally termed Resident Medical Officer in most States and Territories, but may also be called House Officer or Hospital Medical Officer in some places.

Above these sorts of posts, come the specialty training positions. In Australia, you tend to enter specialty training around postgraduate year 3. These positions are generally referred to as Registrar positions. But you might also see advertised as Senior House Officer or Trainee or Advanced Trainee.

One key thing to look out for is that most of these jobs will not accept an overseas applicant.

A key thing to look for is the phrase “eligible for registration” in the selection criteria.

It is very important to try and secure an employment offer. Whilst you can apply to the Australian Medical Council to check your primary medical degree at any stage. You won’t be able to gain registration until you have an offer of employment. This is because the Medical Board needs to see a supervision plan from your employer.

Outside of general practice, the majority of employment opportunities for trainee doctors occur within public hospitals. So your best places for finding suitable job postings are on the State and Territory health department recruitment sites. We have a listing of these on our international doctors’ resource page.

What Type of Supervision Will I Need Or Get?

The Medical Board of Australia is very vigilant around supervision standards for IMG doctors. What sort of supervision you receive will depend on a number of factors, including:

  • your qualifications
  • your previous experience, especially in the type of position for which you have applied
  • whether you have practiced recently and the scope of your recent practice
  • the requirements of the position including the type of skills required for the position
  • the position itself, including the level of risk, the location of the hospital or practice and the availability of supports (supervisors)
  • the seniority of the position, for hospital position

In general you will either be approved for Level 1 or Level 2 Supervision. There are 4 Levels and the higher up you go the less direct oversight you require.

Level 1 Supervision.

Level 1 Supervision requires your supervisor (or alternative supervisor) to be present in the hospital or practice with you at all times and you must consult with them about all patients. This is the level of supervision that most Indian doctors will receive Remote supervision (for e.g. by telephone) is not permitted. This type of supervision is generally recommended when you are very junior yourself or entering a junior role which you are not very familiar with. In Australian major public hospitals, there are many layers of other doctors who you can get supervision from. So Level 1 is not too much of an issue in these circumstances.

Level 2 Supervision.

Level 2 Supervision, is what most other Indian trainees approved to work in Australia will be approved for. It is a step up from Level 1 Supervision. Supervision must primarily be in person but your supervisor can leave you to do work on your own and you can discuss by phone. You should discuss with them on a regular (daily) basis what you have been doing with patients. But do not need to discuss every case.

Level 3 Supervision.

Level 3 Supervision, is what you might receive if you are working in an Advanced Trainee role in India and transferring to something similar in Australia. In this case you have much more primary responsibility for the patient. Your supervisor needs to make regular contact with you but can be working elsewhere and available by phone or video.

What happens after I commence my position?

Once you are approved for registration and you have your visa issues sorted you will be able to commence work. Your employer should help you out with all these things. You will be working under what is called “provisional registration” by the Medical Board of Australia. Generally, all you need to do for this 12 months is to show that you can learn and grow and get regular feedback from your supervisors. Your supervisors will need to complete regular reports for the Medical Board of Australia and it is your responsibility, not theirs to see that they are completed and returned on time. If all the reports go well you will be able to be recommended at the end of the 12 months for general registration.

The other thing that you need to watch out for is that your employer is ensuring that you gain exposure to the types of experiences that the Medical Board requires for this year. Generally, these shadow the experience that Australian interns go through.

Depending on whether you have completed AMC Part 2 or not. You will need to try and sit and pass this in this 12 months. Although you may be able to get an extension.

If you are lucky enough you may be employed in one of the 20 or so health services which offer Workplace based assessment as an alternative to the AMC Clinical exam. Candidates find this process far easier to complete.

You will probably be starting to look for another job or negotiating an extension around the end of your 12 months. With general registration you may be able to apply for a skilled visa, as well as be looking at applying for permanent residency.

Permanent residency is crucial for applying for most specialty training programs. See below.

The Specialist Pathway. The Option For Indian Specialists

For Indian specialists your option for working in Australia is what is called the Specialist Pathway.

Once again this starts with becoming verified as a doctor with the Australian Medical Council and should again coincide with an active search for a position.

You may be lucky enough to be in a targeted specialty area where you might successfully be approved for what is called an Area of Need Position, in which case the employer or recruitment agent will provide you a lot of support and will likely pick up the costs of being assessed.

For most International Doctor specialists however these days you will be approaching the college directly to be assessed for specialist recognition. This is not something to be trifled with. The paperwork requirements and the cost (generally around $10,000 AUD or more) is considerable.

On the plus side, the colleges all have reasonably helpful information on their websites, including the application forms and a little bit about their criteria for assessment.

Finding Out What You Need To Do.

We have saved you the trouble of finding those pages by putting them on our International Doctors resource page here.

The majority of Indian specialties (but not all) map to a similar college or specialty in Australia. So working out which specialty goes into which Australian college is generally not too confusing. We have put together a summary of the Australian specialist medical colleges here.

After you go through your specialist assessment you are given an outcome.

As I have noted the majority of cases for Indian specialists are either deemed not comparable or substantially comparable.

If you are deemed not to be comparable by the college. This means you cannot directly become a specialist in Australia. You will probably have to go through the standard pathway to work as a doctor in Australia.

If you are deemed to be partially comparable (a situation where this commonly may occur is if you have just recently finished specialty training but have not worked as a specialist for very long). In this situation you will need to work under supervision for longer and may well also face some formal examinations.

Substantially comparable is the best result. This essentially means that you will need to work under some form of peer review for up to 12 months and so long as your reports are satisfactory you will be recommended for specialist registration at the end.

How to Maximize Your Chances of Getting a Substantially Comparable Outcome.

To ensure that you are seen as substantially comparable by the relevant college I would recommend the following:

  • You should have your Certificate of Completion of Training and relevant college Fellowship
  • You should ideally have worked substantively at a Consultant level in your field for 3 years or more
  • You should be able to demonstrate good standing with the GMC and your employers
  • You should be able to demonstrate ongoing continuing professional development
  • You should prepare for your interview with the college as if it were an important job interview

Can you enter training in Australia if you are an Indian doctor?

To undertake formal specialty training in Australia you need to be accepted into a college training program. In all circumstances, you will need general registration and in some cases permanent residency or citizenship.

After receiving your general registration you can apply for specialty training in the same way that Australian trained doctors do. And if accepted will go through the exact training program and experience. Some colleges may offer recognition of prior learning for any training you have done already. But this is often quite limited and may at best normally shave one year off of your training.

An Alternative But Limited Option.

There is an alternative but time-limited pathway for Indian doctors who are just seeking a short term experience in Australia to add to their training in India. This is called the Short Term Training in a Medical Specialty Pathway. To do this you must be offered a training position first and you must have either completed you training in India or be less than two years from completion. So this is a program mainly for early career specialists or advanced trainees.

In this pathway you go through the same steps with the AMC as per the competent authority pathway to gain registration. You will not, however, be able to apply for specialist assessment as part of this pathway. But if you gain general registration you may then be able to apply for another position and then apply for specialist assessment.

Can you do your internship in Australia as an Indian doctor?

Basically no. Internship in Australia is a provisional year that only applies to medical graduates from medical schools in Australia and New Zealand. There is a “loophole” which only applies to doctors who have not been able to complete an internship or equivalent in their own country. But the Medical Board warns that this is not a great option and is only granted in limited cases. You are far better off completing the requirements for general registration in India.

How many Indian doctors are working in Australia?

There is no one public data source to tell us how many Indian doctors are currently working in Australia.

From data collected by the Australia Government we know that for 2017 (latest available year):

  • 171 working visas were granted to Indian doctors to work in Australia.
  • 110 applications were made for specialist assessment, of which 44 were deemed not comparable, 59 partially comparable and only 7 substantially comparable.
  • 21 Indian specialist doctors were recommended for specialty registration after being initially found partially comparable. 7 were not recommended.
  • 10 Indian specialist doctors were recommended for specialist recognition after an initial substantial comparable outcome.

How hard is it to become a specialist in Australia if you are from India?

As we have noted. Many Indian doctors struggle to gain recognition as a specialist. This normally occurs in the first step. The initial specialist college assessment. Once Indian doctors are granted comparability. Most go on to complete the process.

Are there any particular specialties that are easier to apply for?

The majority of specialties have some vacancies and will provide opportunities for Indian and other IMG doctors from time to time. This is particularly the case if you are prepared to go outside of the major cities. Some areas of medicine are more popular and so finding jobs in areas such as most surgical fields, as well as other fields such as cardiology can be quite difficult.

On the other end of the spectrum general practice, psychiatry and most parts of critical care medicine are often always looking for doctors.

Costs of Moving To Australia and Working As a Doctor.

There are lots of costs to consider when thinking about moving to Australia to work as a doctor.

There are some direct costs to consider. Most of which relate to the bureaucratic process of being assessed and gaining registration.

Some of the costs you may be up for, include:

AUD (unless other wise noted)
Establish Portfolio with Australian Medical Council$500
Registering with EPIC and having one primary degree checked $125 USD + $80 USD
Medical Board Application Fee for Provisional Registration$382
Medical Board Application Fee for Specialist or General Registration $764
Medical Board Provisional Registration Fee$382
Medical Board General or Specialist Registration Fee$764
College Specialist Assessment Fees$6,000-$11,000
College Placement Fees (for period of supervision)$8,000-$24,000

Further, if you are required to undertake further exams there will be a cost for this as well. As an example, RACS charges exam fee is $8,495.

The Cost of Your Time and Effort.

To all of this cost, you will need to factor in the cost of your own time. It takes a lot of effort and persistence to deal with the paperwork and track down the records you need.

In addition you are probably going to have to pay costs in your own country for things like records of schooling and certificates of good standing.

There are also visa costs.

And then there is the cost of airfares and transporting your belongings halfway across the world.

Depending on where you work in Australia you may find that the cost of living is higher or lower than you are used to. House prices and therefore house rental rates have gone through the roof in Australia in the last decade or so but are starting to come down.

You will probably have to factor in some initial extra hotel or short term rental charges whilst settling in and you may find if you have children that you have to pay to enroll them in school as public schooling is only generally free if you are a citizen or permanent resident.

If you are lucky and in one of the specialty areas of demand your employer may offer to pay for some of these costs. Its certainly worth asking about it.

The Competent Authority Pathway. An Option For Some Indian Doctors.

If you have already worked in the United Kingdom, Canada or the United States then you may be able to apply to work in Australia under what is called the competent authority pathway.

The competent authority pathway assigns preferential status to any doctor who has completed their primary medical training in one of the following countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States and the Republic of Ireland.

There is largely an historical rationale for this situation. It is based on the premise that all these jurisdictions have similar approaches to medical school training and similar standards.

New Zealand is not included in the list above as its medical schools are accredited by the same body as Australian medical schools, the Australian Medical Council. So doctors from New Zealand in Australia are generally treated identically as those from Australia.

If you are an international medical graduate and you have achieved general registration in the United States, Canada or the United Kingdom (but not the Republic of Ireland) you are also eligible for the competent authority pathway.

What are the steps involved for the competent authority pathway.

You can find out more about the competent authority pathway on the Medical Board of Australia website.

The key steps are as follows:

  1. Securing an employment offer
  2. Applying to the Australian Medical Council for primary source verification
  3. Applying for registration to the Medical Board of Australia
  4. Completing 12 months supervised practice
  5. Applying again to the Medical Board of Australia for general registration.

Eligibility for Competent Authority

You can do a “self-assessment of your eligibility for the competent authority pathway on the Medical Board of Australia website here.

The essential requirements for Indian doctors applying via the competent authority pathway are:

You need to have completed the appropriate process in Canada, the United States or the United Kingdom to become fully registered in that country. This involves an assessment of your English language skills, examinations and a period of supervised training.

So for example, if you have worked in the United Kingdom, you need to successfully complete the Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB) test


Successfully complete the Foundation Year 1, or 12 months supervised training (internship equivalent) in the United Kingdom, or 12 months supervised training (internship equivalent) completed in another Medical Board Australia approved competent authority country, approved by the GMC.


We hope that you found this summary about how Indian doctors can work in Australia useful. If you have any questions or queries or just want to relate your experience. Please feel free to leave a comment below. We would love to hear from Indian doctors who have made the journey to Australia.

Related Questions.

Question: Are there any other options for working as an Indian doctor in Australia?


Some doctors just want to come to Australia for a limited period of time as an opportunity to train in another country.

As we have highlighted above there is an alternative but time-limited pathway for Indian doctors who are just seeking a short term experience in Australia to add to their training in India. This is called the Short Term Training in a Medical Specialty Pathway. To do this you must be offered a training position first and you must have either completed your training in India or be less than two years from completion. So this is a program mainly for early career specialists or advanced trainees.

Question: Should I use a medical recruitment company if I am considering working in Australia?


It is possible to deal directly with employers in Australia as an Indian doctor. In general, however, when moving from one country to another most doctors find it useful to engage with a medical recruitment company as they can tend to take some of the stress out of the planning for you and help with all the paperwork and negotiating with prospective employers. Some medical recruitment companies also provide migration services and relocation services as well. We have written more on this subject here. And a list of medical recruitment companies is available here.

Unfortunately, for most Indian doctors medical recruitments companies will be unlikely to be able to help you until you have either achieved general registration via the Standard Pathway or possibly until you have received a favourable outcome via the specialist pathway process.

See more about the pros and cons of medical recruitment companies here.


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  1. Hi
    Suppose I have my primary and specialist medical qualification from India and fully registered with GMC in uk through their membership exam in g and o

    Then I apply for competent or simg??

    Another thing is
    As u already mentioned it’s an expensive process to get registered
    So I get the assessment done and after that how’s the chance of getting a job if deemed comparable?

    1. Hi, Kuku you would be eligible for both competent authority and specialist pathway. Most likely you would apply for specialist assessment and if given a favourable outcome would use your GMC UK status to register for provisional registration, whilst undertaking peer review as a specialist.

      Yes, it can be very expensive. If you are lucky an employer is offering to foot the bill or part of it. I think most do get a job if deemed comparable. But it depends on which specialty. You generally either work as an Advanced Trainee if partially comparable OR junior consultant if substantially comparable.

      1. Hyye!! I have completed my mbbs and ms in neurosurgery and also done 1 year internship from India. Can i get into Australia hospital as a doctor through specialist pathway?

        1. I think you would struggle to get through RACS with just a base MS and 1 year as a consultant. Then you would have to find a job which is not easy in neurosurgery.

    2. Hey thanks for the reply

      i am a gynaecologist with six years of experience
      Three of which were post attainment of specialist degree from India ..

      With full GMC registration via royal college exam but no uk experience either at primary or specialist level..will that make me eligible for provisional registration without having an offer of employment?

      As most employers want u to have work permit or ahpra

      And without job is available..

      Even after simg assessment u don’t have ahpra how does that make employment easier?

      1. Hello after the specialist assessment process you are given a result of either not comparable, partially comparable or substantially comparable.

        With the partial comparable a number of doctors are then able to find Advanced Trainee type roles, which the hospitals are not able to fill with local graduates.

        With the substantial comparable doctors are often able to find a junior consultant type post.

        Once you get a job you can apply for registration.

        Having the assessment makes you more attractive to the employer but its not a guarantee.

        1. Before joining training in short term speciality, it is required to sign that you will not be applying for specialist recognition.
          So if someone completes the short term training, they cannot apply for assesement to the colleges for speacialist assesesment ?

          1. Yes. The SST scheme is a scheme intended to help IMGs gain experience in Australia to contribute to their training and work in their original country. Hence it cannot officially count towards specialist assessment.

  2. is this only for indian doctors or doctors this summary applies for all the doctors who come from different countries like russia, ukraine, china, bangladesh, pakistan etc
    i specially want to know about the mbbs doctors from russia??
    and how can i get the job or train in australia directly if i just completed my mbbs from india or russia??

    1. Hello Saquib the summary is broadly applicable to doctors from other countries which are not considered “competent authorities” i.e. not UK, Rep Irelan, Canada or USA.

  3. is this only for indian doctors or for the doctors coming from different nation like russia,ukraine,china,bangladesh,pakistan etc
    what about doctors coming from russia?

  4. Some career placement company has asked me for direct employment as consultant intensivist by Sydney hospital although I have only md degree and experience of 15yrars in india only.
    Are they genuine?

  5. I wanted to know that can I practice in Australia after completing my MD medicine from India or do I have to give AMC exams? And for mrcp do I have to do it from UK or I can do that in Australia too? Kindly reply. Thank you.

    1. Hello Sajni you need to either apply for specialist assessment or attempt the AMC pathway. You can’t do the MRCP in Australia. The equivalent here is the FRACP.

      1. Thank you so much for your reply. So if I do FRACP how many years course it is? And after completing FRACP what job position do I get in hospitals? Is it of a consultant?

        1. I’m currently working in Australia as a neonatal registrar under 482 visa.
          This is my 9th postgraduate year and I hold MD in paed. I have GMC registration but no work experience in the UK.
          1.What are the options available for me to get the general registration followed by PR in Australia, other than AMC exams?
          2.if I do work based assessment, will I get the general registration or only to practice paediatric and Neonatology. Can I apply PR after wards.?
          3.under 482 visa is there any possibility to get PR?
          4. How long can I work under 482 visa without AMC exams?
          5. If I can get job offers can I work continuosly without AMC exams or registration under 482 visa.

          Highly value your guidance
          Thank you

          1. Hello Haranga,

            In answer to your questions, it would depend on reviewing your situation more thoroughly. My best guesses at this point are:

            1. Either AMC Standard Pathway or Specialist Pathway and not Competent Authority Pathway.
            2. For Work Place Based Assessment are you talking about the AMC process or College process? If you complete the AMC process then you are eligible for general registration.
            3.,4.,5. I am less of an expert on visas. But basically, if you continue towards either general or specialist registration it is likely that you can get further employment and visa extensions and ultimately apply for permanent residency. There is a time limit imposed by the registration rules as to how long you can work before completing the AMC Certificate completely.

      2. Hello sir,I am an Indian pathologist with MD degree in Pathology from a recognisable medical institute in India.My years of experience post PG are 19 years working in various setups as consultant pathologist and blood bank officer.What are my chances of getting a job in Australia?I don’t mind if it’s not a specialist job.

        1. Hi Preeti I would say that your chances via the specialist pathway are reasonably good. Its worth investigating whether there are any jobs going for Pathologists first.

  6. Hello sir, I have just completed my Superspecialisation in Cardiology from India. Earlier I have done my MBBS and MD Medicine from India only. Now I want to apply for Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology for one year in one of the tertiary care Hospitals in Australia where they have a requirement. Sir, can u please guide me on how I can get into the fellowship programme without much fuss over other issues (including non-academic issues like visa and others) ? I have the required qualifications that are required for the course. Kindly guide sir.. Will be grateful to u.

  7. ive completed my mbbs from mci recognised govt.medical college in india and diploma in gynaecology from anther mci recognised ,im practising as a general physician in india no gynaec practice in my own hospital in india since last 13 years ,but now want to relocate myself in australia as a genral practitioner ,can u suggest me the route ,pros cons for relocation ,is it possible to relocate now ?

    1. Hi Prashant I would need to know some more details but it sounds like the nature of your practice is not equivalent enough to what occurs in general practice here to go via any of the GP pathways. You would likely need to attempt the AMC exams first and attempt standard pathway registration. I would recommend that you speak with my colleague Dr Rebecca Stewart @ Rebecca is a GP who provides some similar services to me

      1. If in case I am married to an Indian who is working in Australia and I completed my MBBS from India, then should I write AMC for registration or can I get Australian registration in any other ways???

        1. There are other ways but this is the most direct way. Becoming an Australian citizen won’t affect your options.

  8. Hello sir,i have completed my mbbs graduation in china,and iam from india.I complted my legalised exam(FMGE)to practise in india.After that i worked as duty doctor for 6yrs,not done any postgraduation,now iam planning to work in australia,no idea at all,can u plz guide or suggest how to approach?thanq.

  9. Hi Anthony.
    This is a very good blog.
    I am a post MD internal medicine with 3 years experience as assistant professor and consultant in medicine. I wish to pursue advance training in haematology or oncology there in Australia. So, should I be doing the AMC pathway or the specialist pathway ?
    Thanks and regards.

    1. Hello, Arun I would either recommend pursuing opportunities via the Specialist Pathway or Short Term Specialist Training Pathway. How long was your MD?

      1. Thank you so much for the reply.
        3 years of MD training .. 3 years of working exp. in the present role.
        Sir, even if I apply through the specialist pathway, would I be eligible for advanced training ? Or should I do Basic physician training again ?
        Thanks !

        1. You won’t need to do basic training. You may be better off applying for short term specialist training.

          1. But sir,as per what I understood, STS pathway may not lead to fellowship not being awarded by the RACP. If so, what pathway should I follow to get the FRACP and continue my practice in Australia sir ?
            Thank you.

      2. Hi sir. Very thanks for the reply.
        I did 3 years of MD medicine training followed by 3 years of working experience in the present role.
        So sir, even if I qualify through the specialist pathway, should I be doing basic physician training again, if I want to do advanced training there.
        Thanks !

  10. Hi. I am a radiation oncologist with a fellowship in palliative medicine (all from India). Post MBBS I have total 15 years, post MD 12 years and post fellowship 8 years experience in the relevant fields. If I have a PR as dependant, what are my chances in Australia?

    1. Hi from the description so far I would say fairly good. What is the total amount of your formal specialty training? eg MD and other degrees.

      1. MD is 3 years and Fellowship is 2 years. I was a senior registrar post MD for a year. Which could also be considered training.

      2. Sir i have done MS in obstetrics and gyne from India which is of 3 yrs duration and a little over 2 yrs of specialist experience. What pathway should I apply as I see that for specialist pathway they are asking for 5 yrs of training… Pl guide

        1. 3 years of formal training and 2 years of experience as a specialist is borderline for a favourable substantial comparability assessment. I’d suggest more experience. If you would like me to go into more depth for you then we have coaching sessions available.

  11. Hi,I am a dermatologist working in india with 11 years of private practice post MD and have a PR also .Do I have any chance and how long will the specialist pathway

    1. Hello, there is always a chance I’d need to go more thoroughly through your application to let you know. The pathway generally takes about 6 months to apply for and go through the assessment process and then if favourable generally 1 to 2 years of assessment whilst working.

  12. I had responded to an internet ad on my email for a position of Urologist at BoyupBrook SMH at Boyup Brook.
    The HR later got in touch with me by phone from +61 488893009.This read as Curtin university on truecaller on my phone.However the caller identified himself as HR from boyupbrook SMH.
    He asked me to fill an audio questionnaire and followup for next stage in recruitment process.
    I had in 2003 attended an RACS interview for a Consultant at Tasmania and had to submit a whole lot of documentation.
    Also I am now 65 yrs old.
    I would like to know from you does this approach from Boyupbrook sound genuine?
    Should I follow this up should I ignore this?
    At the last interview in 2002, the hospital from Tasmania had even paid for my trip to Melbourne for the interview.

    1. Hello, it sounds not to be genuine. You should be able to find the position advertised on an official Western Australian website.
      Boyupbrook is a 12-bed community hospital which would probably be mainly run by local general practitioners. If they do require a urologist it would probably be no more than once a month to do a clinic.

      1. They are also aproached me via a employer site named Indeed they are asking me to make a passport and arrangements should i approach or not

    2. Hello please tell me more i also got a response from them I think its a Fraud did they asked for money or something else?

  13. Hi,I am Plastic Surgeon from India.I completed my 3 year Master training in Surgery and another 3 year Master traing in Plastic Surgery.I would like to apply forFRCS Plastic Surgery.Kindly guide me,thanks

  14. Hi, I am an Ophthalmologist (3 year MD course) trained from India. I have finished a one-year Oculoplastics and Ocular Oncology fellowship from India and a one-year Ocular Oncology Clinical Research fellowship from the US. Am I eligible for applying for the specialist pathway? Or do I need more work experience to be eligible for it? Please advise. Thank you

  15. Hey Anthony
    I completed my MBBS in India. Then completed my MD radiology in India as well.(3 year MD training). Then I moved to the United States and about to complete 5 years of fellowship training in multiple subspecialities and also about to get American Board of Radiology (ABR) certification. I am contemplating a move to Australia after my board certification (mainly family reasons). I am confused about next step whether apply now to get a substantially comparable result or wait a year or two, get consultant level work exp in US and then apply? I would appreciate your input. Also would consider a strategy call with you guys but let me know what you think.

    1. Hi sounds like you would be pretty close to getting a substantially comparable result. I’d definitely recommend a strategy call.

  16. My daughter is doing her MS in General Surgery. She will be completing in next year which is 3 years course in India. Post this what is the option she will have to opt for if she has to work in Australia. Please advise?

  17. Hello,
    I have completed my
    M.D (Pediatrics),
    D.N.B (Pediatrics),
    Fellowship in Pediatric Neurology,
    with 5 years of experience post MD. Am currently working in Oman as a Specialist Pediatrician.What can be my prospects there in Australia? Also,do I have to go through the common pathway or specialist pathway/

  18. Hi Anthony,
    I have completed my MBBS alongwith 1-year supervised training in 2010, after that I have done FCPS (Gynaecology & Obstetrics) from Pakistan in December 2019. This includes 4-years residency training.
    Now I’m moving to Australia this year on a PR visa with my family. So should I focus on specialist pathway or standard pathway instead? Thanks.

          1. Thanks Anthony. But I’m bit worried because my post-specialisation experience starts from January 2020 and considering the cost involved in this pathway compells me to be very sure before stepping in. Thanks.

  19. Hi Anthony,

    I am Dr. Smit Shah,
    I have done DNB Orthopaedics -3 years of formal training, followed by 2 years of fellowship in sub specialities like joint replacement, sports medicine. I have additional qualification of Diploma in Orthopaedics. Also i have done 2 years of short term specialist training (fellowship) in Australia. At present, I have 7 and half years of experience after passing DNB Orthopaedics and 1 and half year of Consultant practise experience after coming back from Australia.
    Do you recommend putting papers for specialist assessment through RACS?

    1. Yes I would. You have a good chance. But you need to also consider is there a job opportunity to go into.

      1. Dear Anthony,
        Thank you for your reply.
        I am applying for jobs (Orthopaedic fellow jobs) for 2021. Yet, no luck.
        would you recommend taking help from any consultancy?
        Also do you help in preparing for interview process with RACS? (of course if document review is successful.Planning to apply soon.)

  20. hello mr. anthony
    i am ENT surgeon from india, having experience of more than 15 years post gradaution,
    my special area of work is nerotology i mean vertigo and balance related disorders,
    i am having 15 yrs excperience in same field, presently doing private practice in india,
    what are my chance of getting admission through special pathway..? i want to continue work
    in same area like vertigo and imbalance .
    as my age is 42 yrs so does it affect to getting PR

  21. Hi Anthony,
    I am Darshan from India,
    I am ENT specialist in India,
    I am specially interested in field of neurotology I mean vertigo and balance related disorders (conservative management)
    I am having experience of more than 15 years.
    How do you see my chances for specialist pathway and also for getting PR

  22. Hi Antony,

    I am a Pathologist from India. Completed my MD pathology 3 years residency and then DNB Pathology 1 year later. Have a total 3 years post MD experience. How are my chances in specialist pathway in Australia.

  23. Hi Anthony,

    I am specialist Pathologist from India. I have completed 3 years MD and then DNB exam after one year. Have total 3 years Post MD experience -( 1 year as senior resident and 2 years as consultant specialist Pathologist ). What are my chances and which pathway I should apply..

  24. Hi Anthony,

    I am specialist Pathologist from India. I have completed 3 years MD and then DNB exam after one year. Have total 3 years Post MD experience -( 1 year as senior resident and 2 years as consultant specialist Pathologist ). What are my chances and which pathway I should apply..
    Waiting for the reply!

  25. Hi Anthony,

    I am an Specialist Pathologist from India. I have completed MD pathology (3 years residency) from 2014-2017 and then DNB Pathology in 2018. I have total 3 years Post MD experience. What are my chances in specialist pathway and what is the job situation for pathologists in Australia.

  26. I am an IMG radiologist who is highly motivated and desirous of pursuing a career in Australia. The preferred method for IMG specialists for initial assessment by the Australian medical board and specialty college (RANZCR) is the through the Specialist pathway – specialist recognition. The result of this assessment will likely be “partially comparable” (considering the recent trends and my clinical and academic experience). Once an IMG gets a “partially comparable” status after assessment he/she is required to undertake a year of supervised training in a RANZCR accredited institute (as a registrar). Now my question is – What are the chances of an IMG getting a registrar job at a RANZCR accredited institute (which usually includes majority of the current sites) ?

    Simply put – How likely is it for an IMG radiologist to get a registrar job in Australia after being assessed as partially comparable?

    1. Hi Min
      Sadly there is not a lot of data kept about this. You will probably notice that there are a fair few jobs advertised for Radiologists. But not so much for trainees. This gives you a reasonable idea of the prospects.

      1. Hi Anthony

        Thanks for the prompt response. So considering the worser scenario that there is not a large demand/possibility for IMG radiologist to join as a registrar, then my question is :

        1: After being judged as partially comparable after assessment, what are my other opportunities in Australian healthcare system?

        2: Do hospitals/institutes offer a job to partially comparable IMG specialist and what are the chances of that?

        I apologize for extending the conversation but lack of clarity of the scenario is the main hurdle for us IMG’s. Please help.


  27. Hi Anthony ,
    I have completed MD Pathology in India with 4 years of work experience after post graduation.I have already created AMC account. Now my question is if I go for the short term training for 1 year, what are the costs involved? Do I need a sponsor for that?
    My second question is can I opt for the Area of need program?
    In case of specialist pathway if I have to train under supervision, simultaneously can I earn my living? Is that possible

  28. Hi I have done my mbbs, MD medicine , DNB medicine and DM infectious disease (3 yr fellowship ) and now considering the specialist pathway . Unfortunately I don’t see any job opportunities online . Is it better to secure a job first and then apply for the specialist pathway ? Or the other way around ?
    2) what’s the average supervision period in subtsrantially comparable and partially comparable outcomes ? And do we get paid during this period of supervision


    1. Hello Farhan
      To answer your questions. Yes. It is generally better if you can find a job first. However, this is not the usual path as many employers wish to wait till you are assessed by the college.
      SC = around 1 year’s supervision, PC = 2 years.
      You get paid whilst you are working.

  29. Hi Anthony,
    I am an ophthalmologist trained in India (3 years postgraduation + two 6 month additional Fellowships training ) and 15 years experience.
    Could you kindly state what would be my chances of outcome following AoN specialist assessment please (if applying along with AoN job offer).
    And what would the comparability chances for the Specialist Recognition assessment please. Many Thanks for your time !

    1. Most Indian specialists gain partial comparability. I don’t give definitive assessments on comments. You would need to book a coaching call with me to go over your circumstances.

  30. He I have a few questions
    1. Do they help us in getting area of needs position like the step you said that we have to apply for specialist colleges and stuff do we have to apply in case of aon too?
    2. As an indian img who wants to do psychiatry but after plab AnD fy2 from uk so when will the time to enter aus be apt ? Fy2 or after completing specialist pathway ?
    3. In aon how many years do we need to work before we can shift to another place ?

    1. Hi
      1. The colleges also review AON applications (this is 99% the same as the specialist pathway) they do not help you find a position for either AoN or specialist pathway, that’s up to you.
      2. You are probably better moving to Australia before commencing psychiatry training or fully completing psychiatry training in the UK and achieving the CCST.
      3. AoN posts require renewal every now and then. It’s normally expected that you achieve specialist status within 2 or 3 years in that post.

  31. Hi Anthony
    I am an Indian Medical Microbiologist presently working in Kuwait having both MBBS and MD (Microbiology,3 years degree course) from India with almost 12 years post MD experience.I have also FRCPath (UK) in Microbiology. My questions are 1) What are the chances of recognition by the relevant college in Australia as being substantially comparable.2)What are the chances of getting a job as Medical Microbiologist in Australia.

    Dr Abdul Rashid

    1. Hi, I would say reasonably good with that combination of training and experience. It would depend particularly on the nature of the work you are doing currently and your CPD. I’d recommend a strategy call to clarify.

  32. Hi
    I have done MD in Obstetrics and Gynecology in India(completed december 2019). I joined in state health services after that, working as a Specialist medical officer in a regional hospital here(non academic) for almost 7 months now. Would i pass off as incompletely matched or deemed ineligible?

    1. Hi if you are talking about specialist pathway its highly unlikely you would pass at this point as you really have no consultant level experience to speak of.

      1. Well as of now my experience is more than a year as a Specialist Medical Officer in a regional hospital (non- academic). The Post graduation course here is 3 years. I will soon join Senior Residency which is again 3 years. At the end of my Senior Residency, i will have 6 years of academic experience and almost 2 years of non-academic medical as well as surgical experience. Would that be an ideal time to apply?

        1. That sounds like it might be a good time to apply. I would really suggest you book a call and we can go over your prospects and chances for you.

  33. Hello Sir, I have just cleared my DNB exam in Anesthesia. I wanted to apply for fellowship posts which are offered for 6 or 12 months.Do these posts require clinical experience other than DNB training for selection? How can I further secure a job after the completion of my fellowship? How much does the fellowship route costs?

    1. Hi, most fellowship posts are quite competitive and filled by local trainees first. Towards the end of each calendar year, there may be unfilled vacancies for fellow roles or more likely Advanced Trainee roles. If you get an offer it will generally mean taking the 2 years time-limited registration. So no. It’s not automatic that you can get another job after that. And finishing a fellowship does not make you a Fellow of the College.

  34. Hello Anthony,

    My Brother in Law is a Doctor in India for more than 20 years now (MD in Medicine). He’s now looking for overseas opportunities and is very interested in relocating to Australia. Is there anyway he can migrate to Australia, his present age is 48.

    1. Hi Rahul is he is trained in General Medicine he may have some opportunities. The age becomes a barrier in certain circumstances e.g. going for permanent residency.

  35. Hi , I did MD Microbiology ( 3 yr training ) and DNB Microbiology in 2013. I passed FRCPath part I exam in 2018. I have 7 yrs of post PG experience of working in Medical college in India as recognised specialist. Which pathway is suitable for me to settle in Australia

    1. As per my previous reply possibly specialist pathway. However with 3 years formal training it may be touch and go, despie the FRCPath.

  36. Hello sir,I am an Indian Microbiologist with MD , DNB degree in Microbiology ( 3 yr course) from a recognisable medical institute in India. I have 7 years of post PG experience of working as Assistant professor in central government college in India. I passed FRCPath part 1 exam in 2018. What are my chances of getting a job in Australia? Which pathway is suitable for me?

  37. Hello,
    My sister is a DNB (Anesthesia) and is working as a Senior Resident in India from past 1 year. What are the chances for her and which pathway would be suitable if she is looking to settle in Australia?

  38. Hi
    Im a Dermatologist from India
    MBBS and 3 year formal MD Training from India passed in 2014.
    Worked in India till 2018 and now working in Dubai for past 2 years as Specialist Dermatologist.
    Im intending to apply for Specialist Pathway, please do guide me.

    1. Hi with only 3 years formal dermatology training you will probably struggle to be seen as comparable. As I generally do. I’d recommend a strategy call to discuss further.

  39. Hello,

    Thank you for your detailed insights.

    I hold a PR in Australia, and expecting to become a citizen next year .

    My wife has completed her MD in anesthesiology in India recently this year , and planning to move to Australia early next year

    What could be the pathway for her to practice in Australia ?

    Thank you

    1. Hi she would probably apply via the specialist pathway. It would be handy if she worked as an actual consultant for a few years first in India.

      1. Hello Mr. Anthony,
        I’m a final year student of MBBS in India and I will be completing my internship by 2022 March/April. I will probably write Plab and do FY2 standalone ( will I be eligible for this, since I would have completed three months in surgery and medicine each). Will I then have higher chance of getting into Australia through Competent Authority Pathway? If so, will I have to work in a rural area for a year? I hope to get a surgery residency.
        Thank you in advance

        1. Hi Med I’m not an expert on the UK process sorry. If you can complete all steps of the PLAB yes you have a better chance of working in Australia via CA.

          1. Thank you for the reply! But do I have a chance of getting a surgery post in Australia after 1 yr of supervised training? I’ve heard that UK doctors have higher chances than the other IMGs, as mentioned in this page. What would you suggest? Stay in the UK or Australia?

  40. I am currently working as an intern in India having passed my mbbs final year in 2020. I have a few doubts regarding pursuing post graduation in Australia,firstly-
    1. Can I apply for amc cat 1 portfolio during internship or should I wait until I receive my graduation after internship completion?
    2. Is DY Patil medical college recognised and accepted by Medical Board of Australia?

  41. I am an Indian Urologist who is 62 years of age but still active and fit in practice.
    I have done MS in General Surgery and then DNB in Urology over 30 years ago.
    I have over 30 years experience as a Private Practitioner in Urology. Besides I am a Professor of General Surgery certified by The Medical Council of India in a Private Medical College.
    Now I desire to work in Australia as A Urologist.
    What are my options?
    How do I start to proceed?

    1. Hi Arvind
      Unless you have some personal connections here I think it will be a struggle to gain a supervised post.
      From your description, you should probably get through the college assessment process. But the issue is obtaining a position for the supervised component.

  42. Hey, I have completed my MS from India and after competing my MS, i have 2 years working experience. So i wanted to know How can i get to continue my practice in Australia and how much will be my Salary?
    Please tell me everything.

  43. Hi Anthony
    I am a practicing Consultant Neurosurgeon with 20 years exp.Had done 5-years DNB (Neurosurgery) after MBBS. My age is 54 & still quite fit.What options do I have in Australia as a neurosurgeon.

  44. Hello doctor!

    1. I have completed my MBBS, MD Medicine(3 years training) and DNB from India. Will this be acceptable for the specialist pathway?

    2. Is it wiser to gain GMC registration via MRCP pathway, work in the UK to attain CCT and then apply as a specialist in Australia?

    1. There are pros and cons to each option. I’d suggest booking a clarity call and we can go over it for you.

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